Reliability and Precision of Sonography of the Lumbar Multifidus and Transversus Abdominis During Dynamic Activities

Gibbon, Karl Christian; Debuse, D.; Hibbs, A. and Caplan, N. (2017) Reliability and Precision of Sonography of the Lumbar Multifidus and Transversus Abdominis During Dynamic Activities. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. ISSN 0278-4297

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.16.03059

Abstract

Objectives—To determine the intrarater reliability and precision of lumbar multifidus and transversus abdominis thickness measurements using freehand sonography in a range of static and dynamic conditions. Methods—Fifteen asymptomatic participants performed a range of exercises while sonography was used to measure absolute muscle thickness and changes in muscle thickness from rest. Exercise conditions included the abdominal drawing-in maneuver, active straight leg raise, contralateral arm lift, both unloaded and loaded, treadmill walking, and using the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device. Intraday and interday reliability was assessed by intraclass correlation coefficients, and the standard error of measurement was used to assess measurement precision. Results—Good to excellent reliability was achieved for absolute transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus thickness in all conditions. Measurement precision for absolute lumbar multifidus thickness was �2.8 mm for the unloaded contralateral arm lift, �1.8 mm for the loaded contralateral arm lift, �3.1 mm for treadmill walking, and �3.8 mm for the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device; for absolute transversus abdominis thickness, precision was �0.6 mm for the abdominal drawing-in maneuver, �0.5 mm for the active straight leg raise, �0.7 mm for treadmill walking, and �0.5 mm for the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device. Good to excellent reliability was achieved for relative transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus thickness in all conditions. Measurement precision for relative lumbar multifidus thickness was �3.7% for the unloaded contralateral arm lift, �3.8% for the loaded contralateral arm lift, �6.3% for treadmill walking, and �7.6% for the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device; for relative transversus abdominis thickness, precision was �13.6% for the abdominal drawing-in maneuver, �6.9% for the active straight leg raise, �11.1% for treadmill walking, and �7.2% for the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device. Conclusions—Acceptable reliability and precision of measurement is achieved for absolute and relative measures of deep spinal muscle thickness using freehand sonography in relatively static and dynamic exercises.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Musculoskeletal Ultrasound, Precision, Reliability, Sonography spinal muscles
Members: Bucks New University
Depositing User: Ms Jackie McPeak
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 12:18
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2017 12:18
URI: http://collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/15296

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