Autistic and Schizotypal Traits and Global Functioning in Bipolar Disorder

Abu-Akel, A.; Clarke, J.; Perry, Amy; Wood, S.J.; Forty, L.; Craddock, N.; Jones, I.; Gordon-Smith, Katherine and Jones, Lisa (2016) Autistic and Schizotypal Traits and Global Functioning in Bipolar Disorder. In: UNSPECIFIED.

View this record at http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/4922/

Abstract

Background and Aims To determine the expression of autistic and positive schizotypal traits in a large sample of adults with bipolar disorder (BD), and the effect of co-occurring autistic and positive schizotypal traits on global functioning in BD. Methods Autistic and positive schizotypal traits were assessed in 797 individuals with BD recruited by the Bipolar Disorder Research Network (BDRN), using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient and Kings Schizotypy Questionnaire (KSQ), respectively. Differences in global functioning (rated using the Global Assessment Scale) during lifetime worst depressive and manic episodes (GASD and GASM respectively) were calculated in groups with high/low autistic and positive schizotypal traits. Regression analyses assessed the interactive effect of autistic and positive schizotypal traits on global functioning. Results 47.2% (CI = 43.7–50.7%) showed clinically significant levels of autistic traits. Mean of sample on the KSQ-Positive scale was 11.98 (95% CI: 11.33–12.62). In the worst episode of mania, the high autistic, high positive schizotypal group had better global functioning than the low autistic, low positive schizotypal group (mean difference = 3.72, p = 0.004). High levels of co-occurring traits were associated with better global functioning in both mood states in individuals with a history of psychosis (GASM: p < 0.001; GASD: p = 0.055). Conclusions Expression of autistic and schizotypal traits in adults with BD is prevalent, and may be important to predict course of illness, prognosis, and in devising individualised therapies. Future work should focus on replicating these findings in independent samples, and on the biological and/or psychosocial mechanisms underlying better global functioning in those who have high levels of both autistic and positive schizotypal traits.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Keywords: BF Psychology, RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Members: University of Worcester
Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2016 13:17
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2016 13:17
URI: http://collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/14205

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